The world gets smaller each year – witness the numbers of Americans you might know who are living or moving internationally. As for pinning down that number, good luck. The U.S. Census Bureau doesn’t track the number of native-born Americans who live outside the U.S., so there are only estimates for international moving.
Those estimates for moving internationally vary widely, ranging from 2.2 million current expatriates to 6.8 million. Also varying widely are the reasons people move overseas. Many do it for work. Some want to see the world. Some just need a fresh start.
Chances are the incidence of international moving will grow. Record numbers of students are choosing to take a semester or year to study abroad, or even moving abroad for full-time university. New graduates who couldn’t afford to study abroad but have the desire to live abroad are seeking out jobs and companies that will give them the ability to live and work overseas. Companies are also sending their long time employees and their families on long-term international assignments.
One thing everyone can agree on is that international moving can be tricky – and usually is best achieved, if the move is large in scale and in expected duration, by calling on an international moving company. Following is a guide for international moves, complete with tips from experts and veteran international movers.
What to take, what to leave for international moving
With so many people moving overseas, there is the question of what you should pack and send. The truth is, there is no simple answer. Each situation is different; so is what is appropriate or necessary to pack. But, there are some guidelines you can follow depending on why you are moving.
Let’s start small. If you anticipate your move to be a year or shorter, and you are alone in your move, then you probably can get away with very minimal packing and sending. The hassle of moving things there by sending boxes and then sending them back again might not be worth the short stay. So keep it to your luggage, and get bigger and easily replaced items there. For everything else, you can look into getting a storage unit to safely store everything you don’t move.
Naomi Hattaway, a former expatriate and current owner of 8th & Home real estate company in Reston, Va., says “A lot depends on what to move when you work abroad. The biggest difference will be in the new location – do you have access to the things you cannot live without?”
Doing an in depth search of your intended location is where you should start. What is the weather like there – will you need four seasons worth of clothes, or will the temperature not vary much? Will you have access to some essential supplies and comforts?
For example, some medications may be lower in strength or just impossible to find, so bringing some with you (as long as it’s legally allowed in that country) can be important. Shampoos and body washes also differ, as hair textures and skin types are also different.
If you intend to stay long term, taking a look at your budget and needs will play a bigger determination in what you can take with you. Companies sending their employees and their families overseas usually include a relocation budget, which takes much of the financial burden of moving internationally off the employee and his or her family.
If this is the case for you, you will have a lot more freedom in packing and sending things. If you are looking for work abroad of your own accord, you will have make budget and decided how much you want to spend when moving internationally, what items you need to feel comfortable, and what will be cheaper to just buy there. In both cases, you can get quotes from an international moving company on how much a relocation will cost depending on your situation, so you can accurately budget and plan well before your actual moving date.
Shipping items when moving internationally
When resolving to send packages and items to your new location, moving expert Ali Wenzke has this advice: “Divide belongings by what can wait six weeks. On most airlines, the suitcase weight limit is 23 kilograms or 50 pounds. For international flights you can take two suitcases with you. Everything else you own will take about six weeks to arrive at your new home. When you start packing, imagine what you can’t live without for the first month or two. Now keep those must-haves to under 100 pounds.”
With moving abroad being so expensive, it is a good opportunity to really analyze your belongings and get rid of some unnecessary items by donating them or throwing them away. That can seem daunting, as you probably have a lot of stuff, but there are guides to purging your belongings before a move that can be really helpful. Getting rid of unnecessary items that you haven’t used or don’t hold any value will help downsize things a lot. Also, make sure to take plenty of time going through things, so that you can be efficient and objective. Doing so will help prevent regrets later.
The amount of time you spend abroad and where you will be living will have the most impact on what you pack and send. While it will be a little different for each individual’s situation, making sure to take your time and do your research on your new country and your moving and living options are going to be vital to your packing success.
Choosing an international mover
Many well-known U.S. moving companies also will take on your international move. Look for one with lots of experience. It matters when it’s your stuff that has to navigate customs. Plus, in most cases, you’ll be shipping your possessions overseas. Ask the movers you consider whether they offer real-time tracking. You’ll feel a lot better when you know where your things are at all time.
Remember: The mover with the lowest price might not be the best choice. Check reviews carefully, and make sure you’re comfortable with your mover’s claims and dispute resolution processes.
Tips from people who’ve been there, done that
Following are tips – things to do and things to avoid – from people who’ve either had experience moving internationally themselves or who help others adjust once they arrive in another country:
Storage and organizational expert
“Pack your travel documents in your carry-on so you do not lose them in the move.. This includes passports, tax documents, Visa information, Immunization and medical records, pet medical records, travel insurance. You’ll want easy access to these papers.”
Author of A Better Life for Half the Price: How to Prosper on Less Money in the Cheapest Places to Live
Has lived in Turkey, Korea and Mexico
“Among the biggest mistakes: Thinking a place you loved on vacation is going to thrill you 365 days a year. Just because you had a blast in Cancun on vacation doesn’t mean you’re going to enjoy living there. … Being hot and sweaty felt great when you had just been shoveling snow that week, but maybe you’d really prefer “eternal spring” weather in a house you have to live in instead of cranking the air conditioning 12 months a year. … [S]ome soul-searching will help avoid mistakes.”
Natasha Rachel Smith
Personal finance expert
“Before moving, check to make sure your cellphone provider offers international calling. If your provider doesn’t have international coverage, consider switching to another carrier. If you have an iPhone, remember you can use FaceTime, FaceTime Audio and iMessage to stay in touch with other iPhone users free.”
CEO of HireAHelper
Has helped with international relocations
“Most people moving internationally have access to online banking accounts that allows them to manage finances from overseas. If you haven’t migrated to online banking and are moving internationally, it’s time to make the leap.”
Owner, 8th & Home real estate
“Adjust your mindset. Whether you are moving to a culture far from your own, or very similar to what you are accustomed to, plan to have your mindset challenged and your norms stretched. By having awareness before you leave that it is a reality you will face, the adaptation will be a bit smoother.”
Office & Home Relocation manager
Fantastic Removals, London
“Always insist on a pre-visit (if you are with a company), and check out all the different areas before you commit to a house. Don’t agree to a blind audition, you put too much into this. Go online and see some photos of the house/apartment, use google street view for a virtual walk around the neighborhood, check opportunities for grocery stores, shopping centers, school or kindergarden, sports centers or anything else that is in your circle of interests.”
Movers Teams supervisor
A to Z Cleaning, London
“You can’t go abroad with most of your stuff without knowing the actual dimensions of your new place. What if that sofa is too large? Or what if the armchairs are not going through the door? So, measure your furniture and any larger pieces before you start the relocation process. This will save you the hassles from having moved a really expensive sofa that you can’t fit in your new place.”
Marketing and Outreach coordinator, LadyQs.com.
Relocated from the U.S. to Singapore
“Pay careful attention to complaints from people who have gone before you. I used to dismiss such complaints, thinking they were from spoiled and whiny expats, because I had some local connections. Now, I share pretty much all of the same complaints. It’s true that some expats are out-of-touch or living in their own little world, but if you hear the same thing over and over, there might be a grain of truth.”
“Moving abroad with your pet is actually relatively straightforward, provided that you keep a few things in mind. Firstly, you’ll only be able to take your pet abroad with you if you can prove that they’re healthy and free from disease like rabies, so one of the first things that you’ll need to do is get a blood test by a laboratory approved by the country that you’re moving to. … You’ll also need to have your pet vaccinated, and ensure that they’ve been treated for ticks and tapeworm at least 24 hours before the move abroad.”
Guy Arthur Canino
Owner, Guy Arthur School of English
Resident of Germany for 17 years
“Make a conscious effort to integrate! It’s too easy to fall into the trap of just spending time with other Americans and going to the local Irish pub. People will respect you if you try to learn about their culture. … As an American living abroad, you are a representative of your country whether you like it or not and occasionally people will use you to vent about everything they don’t like about America and its foreign policy. If you want to survive, you really need to grow a thick skin.”